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Sudan

Southern Sudan Electrification/
Energy Assessment

2005

AEAI, with representatives from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Winrock International, undertook a field mission seeking to identify mechanisms for increasing (rural) electricity access that will assist in the recovery that are easy to implement, economical to build, and provide quickly achievable positive impacts in conflict-torn Southern Sudan (in March-April 2005). The team aimed at identifying electric supply mechanisms that would support and advance the USAID strategic goal of establishing a foundation for a just and durable peace with the broad participation of the Sudanese people. AEAI undertook:

  • A comprehensive resource assessment, including both traditional and non-traditional energy generation resources.

  • A cursory review of the applicable policies that affect the provision of electricity – including existing provisions and those under consideration for implementation.

  • Determination of the best-fit methodology for electricity access in the towns and commercial centers in Southern Sudan as well as address the need for a solid rural electrification program.

  • Establishing an understanding of the renewable energy options within the areas visited and highlighting their potential impact within the communities.

  • Exploring possible energy interventions that can be implemented to help overcome energy shortfalls and strengthen the new Southern Sudan governing structure.

  • A field assessment in the Southern Sudan towns of Yei, Ayod and Rumbek.

The Team completed a review of the three electricity supply proposals with recommendations to not fund two and to consider funding the third after major revisions and modifications. The team completed cursory assessments in Yei and Ayod that included meetings with local officials, business leaders, and residents, looking at current energy needs and shortfalls and looked at the potential impact of increased energy access within the community. The teams evaluated renewable energy resource options in each area and assessed their possible contributions to the energy mix. The team considered possible quick response interventions that could be used to support and promote the peace process and selected a streetlight program (“Streetlights for Security”) as an appropriate intermediate intervention for recommendation.

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